Study 7 Anatomy with Head the Human Torso 20 June 2020

Artist: Pieter Lategan
Title: Study 7 Anatomy with Head the Human Torso 20 June 2020
Medium: Medium Sketch Pad Acid-Free Paper, Pencil B, H, and Pen
Dimensions: 210X297mm

Personal notes about the artwork:

I spend a week on this sketch with lots of rest breaks. I wanted to do it as accurately as possible that was the reason for the long breaks in between the artwork.

I used the seven and a half head method to draw this torso and head.

I also spend a lot of time matching the lefthand side and the righthand side of this image so that it looks like the sketch in proportion.

There is a problem with the skeleton the teeth are too high and the mouth sits too low.

Theory of the Torso and Neck

This torso is divided in half to show the two layers of muscles in this region.  On the left side are the superficial muscles (close to the surface.  On the right-hand side are muscles positioned beneath the superficial muscles.

Reference

Reference

Muscles of the Neck and Torso

The torso muscles, shapes are recognizable on the surface, unlike the facial region. Some of the superficial muscles are already known by most people, like the shoulder muscle, the chest muscle, the abs or six-pack, and the flank pad or love handles. The muscles of the torso do not move just the torso but also the shoulder girdle, as well as the upper arms.

There are many ways to categorize the torso muscles, one way is to group them by the location in the front of the body, or nearer to the head or forepart, from side to side, and further back regions of the body. They can also be classified by the body structure (the stomach region, the shoulder blade which is located in the upper back, the muscles that connect the front walls of the chest with the bones of the upper arm and shoulder) or by the placement in relation to the surface (the superficial layer which is the structure which is more externally than another, or closer to the surface of the body, the intermediate layer which is the middle layer, and then you have the deep layer).

So I am going to start with the anterior view which group by the location in the front of the body.

Muscles of the Thorax

The Thorax is the area of the body situated between the neck and the abdomen (belly). The thoracic muscles attach to the anterior (front of the body) and lateral (the side) regions of the thorax or rib cage.

Thorax

They are the pectoralis major, the pectoralis minor, and the serratus anterior.

Pectoralis Major

Pectoralis Minor

Serratus Anterior

Humerus

Scapula Bone

Thoracic Muscles

The thoracic wall is made up of five muscles:  The intercostal muscles which are several groups of muscles that run between the ribs, and help form and move the chest wall.  The intercostal muscles are mainly involved in the mechanical aspect of breathing.  These muscles help expand and shrink the size of the chest cavity to facilitate breathing.

This torso is divided in half to show the two layers of muscles in this region.  On the left side are the superficial muscles (close to the surface.  On the right-hand side are muscles positioned beneath the superficial muscles.

Movie Watched:

Final Portrait(2017)

Starring:
Geoffrey Rush
Armie Hammer
Clémence Poésy
Tony Shalhoub
James Faulkner
Sylvie Testud

This movie is a must-see, about a painter and enjoyed it a lot.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Final_Portrait

Sources:

https://schoolbag.info/biology/anatomy/5.html

https://www.kenhub.com/en/library/anatomy/thorax

https://www.verywellhealth.com/pectoralis-minor-anatomy-4706831

https://www.britannica.com/science/scapula

https://za.pinterest.com/pin/70720656618955644/

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *