Study 7 Anatomy with Head the Human Torso 20 June 2020

Artist: Pieter Lategan
Title: Study 7 Anatomy with Head the Human Torso 20 June 2020
Medium: Medium Sketch Pad Acid-Free Paper, Pencil B, H, and Pen
Dimensions: 210X297mm

Personal notes about the artwork:

I spend a week on this sketch with lots of rest breaks. I wanted to do it as accurately as possible that was the reason for the long breaks in between the artwork.

I used the seven and a half head method to draw this torso and head.

I also spend a lot of time matching the lefthand side and the righthand side of this image so that it looks like the sketch in proportion.

There is a problem with the skeleton the teeth are too high and the mouth sits too low.

Theory of the Torso and Neck

This torso is divided in half to show the two layers of muscles in this region.  On the left side are the superficial muscles (close to the surface.  On the right-hand side are muscles positioned beneath the superficial muscles.

Reference

Reference

Muscles of the Neck and Torso

The torso muscles, shapes are recognizable on the surface, unlike the facial region. Some of the superficial muscles are already known by most people, like the shoulder muscle, the chest muscle, the abs or six-pack, and the flank pad or love handles. The muscles of the torso do not move just the torso but also the shoulder girdle, as well as the upper arms.

There are many ways to categorize the torso muscles, one way is to group them by the location in the front of the body, or nearer to the head or forepart, from side to side, and further back regions of the body. They can also be classified by the body structure (the stomach region, the shoulder blade which is located in the upper back, the muscles that connect the front walls of the chest with the bones of the upper arm and shoulder) or by the placement in relation to the surface (the superficial layer which is the structure which is more externally than another, or closer to the surface of the body, the intermediate layer which is the middle layer, and then you have the deep layer).

So I am going to start with the anterior view which group by the location in the front of the body.

Reference

Muscles of the Thorax

The Thorax is the area of the body situated between the neck and the abdomen (belly). The thoracic muscles attach to the anterior (front of the body) and lateral (the side) regions of the thorax or rib cage.

Reference

Thorax

They are the pectoralis major, the pectoralis minor, and the serratus anterior.

Reference

Pectoralis Major

Reference

Pectoralis Minor

Reference

Serratus Anterior

Reference

Humerus

Reference

Scapula Bone

Thoracic Muscles

The thoracic wall is made up of five muscles:  The intercostal muscles which are several groups of muscles that run between the ribs, and help form and move the chest wall.  The intercostal muscles are mainly involved in the mechanical aspect of breathing.  These muscles help expand and shrink the size of the chest cavity to facilitate breathing.

Reference

This torso is divided in half to show the two layers of muscles in this region.  On the left side are the superficial muscles (close to the surface.  On the right-hand side are muscles positioned beneath the superficial muscles.

Movie Watched:

Final Portrait(2017)

Starring:
Geoffrey Rush
Armie Hammer
Clémence Poésy
Tony Shalhoub
James Faulkner
Sylvie Testud

This movie is a must-see, about a painter and enjoyed it a lot.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Final_Portrait

Sources:

https://schoolbag.info/biology/anatomy/5.html

https://www.kenhub.com/en/library/anatomy/thorax

https://www.verywellhealth.com/pectoralis-minor-anatomy-4706831

https://www.britannica.com/science/scapula

https://za.pinterest.com/pin/70720656618955644/

Study 6 Male Torso and Neck 15 June 2020

Artist: Pieter Lategan
Title: Study 6 Male Torso and Neck 15 June 2020
Medium: Medium Sketch Pad Acid Free Paper, B Pencil
Dimensions: 210X297mm

I started with the anterior view of the body. The proportioning system I used was the seven and a half heads method.

The torso muscles, shapes are recognizable on the surface, unlike the facial region. Some of the superficial muscles are already known by most people, like the shoulder muscle, the chest muscle, the abs or six-pack, and the flank pad or love handles. The muscles of the torso do not move just the torso but also the shoulder girdle, as well as the upper arms.

There are many ways to categorize the torso muscles. One way is to group them by the location in the front of the body, or nearer to the head or forepart, from side to side, and further back regions of the body. They can also be classified by the body structure (the stomach region, the shoulder blade which is located in the upper back, the muscles that connect the front walls of the chest with the bones of the upper arm and shoulder) or by the placement in relation to the surface (the superficial layer which is the structure which is more externally than another, or closer to the surface of the body, the intermediate layer which is the middle layer, and then you have the deep layer).

Music Listened to:

Wait for you – Jake Miller(2018)

I Don’t Care – Ed Sheeran & Justin Bieber (2019)

Source:

https://schoolbag.info/biology/anatomy/5.html

https://www.google.com/search?q=men+models&sxsrf=ALeKk0222q-iO3pBDrwmGvPZrMG_rfs0BQ:1592150818036&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj3iMD_14HqAhUSiFwKHYtlDCAQ_AUoAXoECA4QAw&biw=1366&bih=576#imgrc=G22DWn-PF6HxGM

Study 5 Male Figure Drawing 14 June 2020

Artist: Pieter Lategan
Title: Study 5 Male Figure Drawing 14 June 2020
Medium: Marlin Paper, B Pencil
Dimensions: 210X297mm

I used with this sketch the common 8 head tall measurement, what I won’t do again. I feel the legs are too long. I put clothes on so that he can look better. I spend time on the face so I am happy with the face. I also start understanding how to draw the shoulders and neck.

Sources:

https://www.thedrawingsource.com/step-by-step-figure-drawing.html

https://www.thedrawingsource.com/figure-drawing-proportions.html

https://www.pinterest.co.uk/pin/758504762218731907/

Study 4 Male Figure Drawing 13 June 2020

Artist: Pieter Lategan
Title: Study 4 Male Figure Drawing 13 June 2020
Medium: Marlin Paper, B Pencil
Dimensions: 210X297mm

Figure Drawing

When you start with figure drawing most artists use the proportional system, using a relative element from the figure and use that form to compare against another to get the size relationship the two.  Throughout the ages, artists have been fascinated by the challenge of depicting accurate proportions of the body.

There have been countless attempts to standardize figure drawings.

So what exactly are proportions?

Proportions are the relationships, or ratios, between the heights, widths, and depths of a subject.

To draw specific subjects you have to draw a believable likeness of it, no matter what or who it is, we must draw the proportional relationships as they appear.

By accidentally altering proportions in the case of figure and portrait drawing it can create very noticeable distortions that detract from the believability of your drawing.  Minor inaccuracies in figure or portrait drawings proportions decrease the likeness of your drawing, while major inaccuracies may disrupt the logic of the body and cause it to look inaccurate.

Let’s go and look at the brief history of the proportional rules, principles, or criterion the artist looked at.

Every system of measuring proportions is a search for a certain ideal.

If you take the example of the celebrated Greek canon created by Polyleitus defined a strong, male athlete. This sculpture is the best know sculpture in the Classical Era.

It is likely that a few bodies fit into the “ideal” body of the “ideal” body of the Doryphoros.

Roman copy of the Doryphoros

In the oldest known text on proportion was done by the Egyptians which used the middle finger to measure the body.  It was thought to be equal to one-nineteenth of the total height.

In the Greek canon of Polycleitus, the palm of the hand was chosen as the unit of measurement.

A first-century BC Roman architect Marcus Vitruvius believed that the height of the figure was eight heads or ten faces.

Leonardo da Vinci demonstrated many of Vitruviuv’s ideas on proportion in the well-known image of the man in two superimposed inscribed in a square and circle: the “Vitruvian Man”.

Vitruvian Man

The most popular proportional system the artist use is the length of the head as measurement.  This is the figure that is generally thought to between 7.5 and 8 heads tall.  To start with the head is a good way to do a figure drawing. Most proportional guides choose one element as the base measurement and use that to compare against all the other forms within the figure.

Pros and Cons of Using Proportional Systems:

Cons:

Relying heavily on memorized proportions can lead to becoming lazy in observing the model, which can result in generic drawings.

Because there is so much variation in body types, no proportional system can be accepted as a rule.

Pros:

The proportional system gives you a general reference guide of the relative lengths and widths of the body.

If you use the proportional system it can give you a more accurate and convincing drawing.

Memorizing certain figure drawing proportions can greatly help you draw from memory and imagination.

It can help animators to choose the lengthen a figure to 8 or 8.5 heads tall if their intention is to draw a heroic figure.

Sources:

https://www.thedrawingsource.com/step-by-step-figure-drawing.html

https://www.thedrawingsource.com/figure-drawing-proportions.html

http://www.paintdrawpaint.com/2012/01/drawing-basics-figure-proportions.html

Study 3 Man From The Side 3 June 2020

Artist: Pieter Lategan
Title: Study 3 Man From The Side 13 June 2020
Medium: Marlin Paper, B Pencil
Dimensions: 210X297mm

I start using a new tutorial which I found on the internet. The person who wrote the tutorial said (I think it is a she) use the block-in method.

The block-in is a map of the various information of the person you draw.

This block-in method addresses proportions, placement, and construction of the head and features, shadow shapes, and even edge quality.

The block-in is the most important part of the portrait drawing.

This tutorial did not work for me. I will not use this to do a real-life portrait, what I can use this is for quick face drawings. The reason why is that I struggle to get the face blocks.

I decided to finish the artwork and search on the net for a man’s face from the side, which I got, but they do not look the same. This is only a study.

Sources:

https://www.thedrawingsource.com/portrait-drawing-tutorial.html

https://za.pinterest.com/pin/60869032448995681/

The Wisdom of Master Craftsman

Artist: Pieter Lategan
Title: The Wisdom of Master Craftsman
Medium: Marlin Paper, B Pencil
Dimensions: 297x210mm

The Wisdom of the Master Craftsman – Pieter Lategan

Tradition leader
Expert in passing it to the generations to better the world
Insight in the reality of our being a sense of ourself
Adhere and explore values and beliefs of art,
still embedded in forgotten parts of the past

Source:

https://www.alamy.com/master-craftsman-works-leather-on-his-workbench-image260817974.html

Covered Up in a Virus

Artist: Pieter Lategan
Title: Covered Up in a Virus
Medium: Marlin Paper, B Pencil
Dimensions: 210X297mm

I used the South African flag as a mask that covered his mouth and nose.

If you don’t see the mouth or hands it is difficult to show emotions, so the only place where I could show emotions that the man is sick was in his eyes. It was hard to get the right feeling, and I made the eyes very dark and use bags under his eyes. The fact that he has a blanket also helped to show the man is not well and cold.

I leave a lot of space around him to show the social distance which we have to do now with the COVID 19 Virus.

Sources:

https://www.123rf.com/photo_33195117_young-man-sitting-on-sofa-covered-with-blanket-sick-man-looking-tired-and-ill-looking-at-bottles.html

https://www.firstascent.co.za/double-layer-fabric-face-mask

Study 15 Pencil Shading Techniques 11 June 2020

Artist: Pieter Lategan
Title: Study 15 Pencil Shading Techniques 11 June 2020
Medium: Marlin Paper, B Pencil
Dimensions: 210X297mm

I did many years back pencil techniques and I remember I put it in my portfolio. The first day when I went for a real interview for a job at the medal company which I worked for. The sketch was in my portfolio. I don’t think that the owner of the company really understands why I showed him shading techniques.

In my study, I am now busy learning the techniques for better insight into the art of drawing.

Source:

https://www.artyfactory.com/portraits/pencil-portraits/pencil-shading-techniques.html

Study 14 Hands 10 June 2020

Artist: Pieter Lategan
Title: Study 14 Hands 10 June 2020
Medium: Marlin Paper, B Pencil
Dimensions: 210X297mm

Drawing hands is a great way to practice your drawing skills in general. We have them and can look at them at any time.

If you look at our own hand you will notice that it makes the shape of a square. It can change when it is in different positions, but you will still see the square. Think of it as a piece of paper it can be bent and curved at certain angles.

Artist: Pieter Lategan
Title: What Do I Need 10 June 2020
Medium: Paper, Pen
Dimensions: 148X210mm

What Do I Need – by Pieter Lategan

The core of living
is the moment I am now in

Sometimes it can change
in how life is giving

Persuade the kings and queens
the creatives needs the following

Study 13 Hands 9 June 2020

Artist: Pieter Lategan
Title: Study 13 Hands 1, 9 June 2020
Medium: Marlin Paper, B Pencil
Dimensions: 210X297mm

Artist: Pieter Lategan
Title: Study 13 Hands 2, 9 June 2020
Medium: Marlin Paper, B Pencil
Dimensions: 210X297mm

Living In My Thoughts

In my mind, you live who is a piece of a part of art
The subject you never can stop learning

The lines and colors which I have to meet
Between the walls where you hide and where I seek, it is really hard to find

The escape route of you still fill my thoughts but can’t make that canvas
I know you think I am crazy (only for you)

Can I draw you or is that little part of you waisted?
I hold on art because you are art for me

  • Pieter Lategan – 9 June 2020